The Alliance of American Football, which suspended operations earlier this month in the midst of its first season, filed a petition for bankruptcy Wednesday in a Texas court.
Based on the filing of assets and liabilities, the league -- under the limited liability corporation Legendary Field Exhibitions LLC -- had $11,372,298.68 in assets and $48,366,188.90 in liabilities.
Those liabilities include $9,642,171 in money owed to creditors.
"We are deeply disappointed to be taking this action," the AAF said in a statement Wednesday. "The AAF was created to be a dynamic, developmental professional football league powered by an unprecedented alliance between players, fans and the game. The AAF strove to create new opportunities for talented players, coaches, executives and officials while providing an exciting experience for fans. We are proud of the fact that our teams and players delivered on that goal."
The AAF said a trustee would be put in place to resolve all matters related to assets and liabilities, "including ongoing matters related to player contracts."
The league, despite millions of dollars invested in it, has $536,160.68 in the bank and only $78,582 in licenses, franchises and royalties. The money was held in three accounts -- $500,000 in a collateral money market account, $36,116.72 in an LLC operating account and $43.96 in an account with the Birmingham Iron name on it.
Among the debt is $7 million owed to MGM Resorts International for "security interest in intellectual property."
The league and a lot of the LLCs created with it -- including AAF Players, AAF Properties and Ebersol Sports Media Group -- are filing Chapter 7 bankruptcy petitions.
"We thank our players, coaches and employees for their commitment to the game of football and to this venture," the AAF said in its statement. "Our fans believed in the AAF from the beginning, and we thank them for their support. We are hopeful that our players, coaches and others will find opportunities to pursue their football dreams in the future."
Chapter 7 bankruptcy is the most common form of bankruptcy. It means the league will gather and sell its assets to pay creditors according to the U.S. Bankruptcy Code. Property such as real estate -- although it isn't clear whether the AAF owned any -- can be exempt, but all other assets can be liquidated.
That includes equipment purchased by the league that was returned to a San Antonio warehouse earlier this month, according to a league source.
"The AAF is committed to ensuring that our bankruptcy proceeds in an efficient and orderly manner," the league said in the statement.
The AAF had financial struggles throughout its existence, eventually necessitating a pledge of $250 million in funding from Carolina Hurricanes owner Tom Dundon -- the league got much less -- before the second week of games to keep the league afloat.
Dundon decided to shutter the league two months later, on April 2, which has spurred three class-action lawsuits.
"We are aware of the AAF's bankruptcy filing [Wednesday]," said Boris Treyzon and Jonathon Farahi, attorneys representing players in one of the suits, said in a statement. "This comes as no surprise for our clients and was a move we expected the AAF to make. We look forward to ascertaining that all the assets available be monetized at their fullest value to satisfy our clients' claims."