IN 1996, a sports writer named John Hollinger invented a little stat he called Player Efficiency Rating. Since then, basketball's advanced metrics have leaped from irrelevance to ubiquity, becoming a driving force behind the rosters of the 23 NBA teams that employ an advanced-stat man. The dirty little digits of analytics are everywhere in hoops.
Except for in its Hall. Stroll through the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame and the sensation is of a house in serious need of spring cleaning -- a dusty collection of indiscriminate players. There are those who wither under the glare of analytics (sorry, Isiah Thomas). College stars who made little NBA impact (sorry, Ralph Sampson). Those who never truly dominated (sorry, Alex English). And international players who -- while huge in, say, Latvia -- hardly merit a plaque (sorry, Uljana Semjonova). Indeed, basketball's Hall needs more than a feather duster. It needs a statistical wrecking ball.
So with the help of stat guru Dean Oliver, we built a new Hall based on irrefutable analytics. We started with career regular-season win shares, a metric that indicates how many wins a player contributes to his team -- 10 win shares, like Kevin Love had last season, constitutes a dominant year. The stat boasts the benefit of equalizing for the historically fluctuating pace of NBA play. A second benefit? Unlike traditional stats, win shares do not help stat compilers who hang on past their primes. (Poor production yields minuscule win-share totals; you can't, in other words, Joe Dumars your way to win shares.) Then, to reward the best players of their eras, we added in a dominance factor to arrive at our Hall of Fame Rating. When we tallied it all up, two legends topped 300, another 11 eclipsed 200 and a natural line between greats and not-as-greats was a clear 100. Big round numbers, after all, make the best wrecking balls.
HOW TO BUILD an NBA Hall of Fame? first, define what it is -- and isn't. From the 156 players now enshrined in Springfield, we cut 57 on demographics alone: female players, international-only stars and those who played before the 1946 birth of the BAA (all of whom, yes, are deserving of their own Hall). From there, we cut the 55 who didn't clear our threshold of a 100 Hall of Fame Rating (see below) and added 36 more (19 active, 17 retired) who did. The total tally of inductees into The Mag's NBA Hall? A nice round 80 -- that is, until we enshrine Kevin Durant in two years. To see The Mag's Hall in graphic form, download the PDF here.