100 days to go: What you need to know about Lima's Pan American Games

The XVIII Pan American Games, which will give athletes in the Americas the opportunity to prepare or qualify for next year's Olympic Games in Tokyo, are officially 100 days away.

Here's a quick look at the 2019 version of the Americas' largest summer sports competition, which was inaugurated in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in 1951:

When do the 2019 Pan American Games take place?

The 18th edition of the Pan American Games will take place July 26-Aug. 11 in Lima, Peru.

Who will participate?

Close to 6,700 athletes representing 41 countries -- all members of the Pan American Sports Organization -- will compete in 39 sports and 62 disciplines.

Who will host the Games?

Lima was awarded the Games in 2013, marking Peru's first time as host. Mexico and Canada have hosted the Games three times each, while Argentina, the U.S. and Brazil have each done so twice. Colombia, Puerto Rico, Venezuela, Cuba and the Dominican Republic have all hosted once.

Who are some of the athletes to watch?

The U.S. brings an impressive swimming contingent to Lima that includes five-time Olympic champion Nathan Adrian and Rio gold medalist Gunnar Bentz (4x200) on the men's side; Lia Neal won silver for the women in the 4x100 relay in Rio. Colombia's Caterine Ibarguen is ranked No. 1 in the world in the triple jump and No. 2 in the long jump. She has won gold in each of the last two Pan American Games.

Where will the events and competitions take place?

Five subregions in and around Lima were chosen as venues for the 62 events. Some competitions, such as surfing and open water swimming, will occur farther away because of the specific needs of those sports.

What countries are atop the all-time medal standings?

The United States has won 4,420 medals (1,944 gold), which is more than twice the total of second-place Cuba (2,026). Canada is third with 1,915, and Brazil follows with 1,205.

What's new in the lineup, and which sports won't be a part of Tokyo's program?

Surfing and skateboarding, which were recently approved for Tokyo, will make their Pan American debuts in Lima. Bodybuilding, which will not be in the next Olympics, will also be a first-time sport in these Games. Racquetball, roller skating and bowling are some of the sports that will not be part of the Olympic program.

Will Peru also host the Parapan Games?

Yes. The accompanying Parapan American Games for athletes with disabilities follow in Lima from Aug. 23-Sept. 1.

Who will host the XIX Pan American Games?

After losing out to Lima in the previous election, the Chilean capital of Santiago was chosen as host for 2023, therefore keeping the Games in South America. Santiago was elected unanimously in 2017 after Buenos Aires withdrew its candidacy.